India is a leading rice producing country, with 22% of the total global rice production and 65% of India’s population consumes rice on a daily basis. The per capita rice consumption in India is 6.8 kilogram per month. Fortification of rice makes it more nutritious by adding vitamins and minerals, many of which are lost during the milling and polishing process. Rice fortification may be considered as having the highest potential to fill the gap in current staple food fortification programs. As Rice is the staple food of 65 percent of the Indian population and reaches the most vulnerable and poorer section Rice fortification is a cost effective, culturally appropriate strategy to address micronutrient deficiency in country.